As state have opened back up, some are now tightening restrictions, and travelers may not be free to come and go as they please amid the coronavirus pandemic.
USA TODAY has an update on the states that are discouraging interstate travel by requiring or recommending that visitors and residents returning from other states quarantine. And some states are requiring a recent, negative COVID-19 test in lieu of a blanket quarantine policy.
Some counties or municipalities have issued similar advice to travelers, so anyone looking to go on a road trip or take a summer vacation should check government websites for their destination and anywhere they plan to stop overnight.
Here are the states that require or recommend traveler quarantines:
Alaska Gov. Mike Dunleavy and the state's Department of Health and Social Services lifted state's mandatory 14-day quarantine for travelers. Both interstate and international travelers can come to Alaska as long as they meet the following requirements:
If tested within 72 hours to five days before they leave their destination, they can come into Alaska with proof of a negative PCR coronavirus test. They can't enter if the test is positive.
Alternately, if they had a negative PCR test within five days of departure, they can retest upon arrival in Alaska. They should minimize contact until the results of the second test come in.
If travelers choose to test on arrival, they should register with the testing site and need to quarantine until results are in. The traveler will have to quarantine if positive.
If the traveler is a member of the critical infrastructure workforce, as determined by the state, they have to adhere to their company's community protective plan the state has on file.
If none of the above applies (the traveler doesn't have a test result, rejects testing, or is not a critical worker), that person must quarantine for 14 days.
Travelers who already had COVID-19, tested positive at least three weeks prior to their arrival, are currently asymptomatic and can show a doctor's note attesting to their recovery do not need to be retested.
While the state no longer mandates a 14-day quarantine for visitors, it still asks that Arkansans consider doing so when returning from travel to affected areas.
Effective June 25, the state will require a 14-day quarantine for any visitor or resident returning from a region with a transmission rate of 10 positive tests for every 100,000 residents on a seven-day rolling average. As of July 14, the quarantine rule would affect anyone coming from Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Minnesota, New Mexico, North Carolina, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Wisconsin. The rule is the result of a joint travel advisory issued with New Jersey and New York.
Staying Apart, Together: A newsletter about how to cope with the coronavirus pandemic
Effective June 5, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis extended its 14-day quarantine rule for visitors from New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. The order does not apply to anyone participating in commercial or academic activities, including athletes returning to college campuses.
On July 13, Gov. David Ige announced he was delaying the start of a program that would allow out-of-state visitors with a negative COVID-19 test to bypass quarantine by at least one month to Sept. 1.
Ige cited “uncontrolled outbreaks and surges” on the mainland as a factor in the state's decision, singling out several states with spikes, including California and Arizona, which are big sources of visitors to Hawaii.
Scratch that August trip to Hawaii: The state just extended its quarantine until Sept. 1
People traveling from Iowa and Oklahoma to Chicago will have to quarantine for two weeks upon arrival or face possible fines starting Friday.
Chicago first issued a quarantine order early this month for 15 other states based on increasing numbers of confirmed cases of the coronavirus. The city updated the order Tuesday, bringing the total number of affected states to 17.
Effective Monday, July 6, the city of Chicago required visitors from the following states to quarantine for 14 days upon arrival: Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nevada, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Utah.
The state requires a 14-day quarantine for those heading to Kansas from these states:
Under a new advisory announced Monday, Kentuckians who travel to nine hot spot states reporting positive testing rates equal or greater than 15% are now recommended to undergo a 14-day self-quarantine. The states included in Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear’s travel advisory are Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Nevada, South Carolina, Texas and Mississippi.
Beshear said case clusters have been traced to residents who have recently returned from vacations or attended large gatherings such as block parties or barbecues.
Maine's Department of Health and Human Services requires travelers to the state to self-quarantine for 14 days, regardless of their state of residence unless they can present a negative PCR test no older than 72 hours. Residents of New Hampshire and Vermont are exempt.
Under Maryland's current “Safer at Home” advisory, the state recommends – but does not require – residents returning from out of state who display symptoms to self-quarantine for 14 days upon their arrival home.
Anyone traveling to the state must self-quarantine for 14 days except for those traveling from Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, New York, and New Jersey, as of July 1. Massachusetts exempts essential workers as well, if they are visiting the state in a work capacity.
Nebraskans returning from international travel and visitors coming to the state for less than 14 days should self-quarantine for the duration of their visit. The recommendation excludes health care workers, commuters and certain other groups.The recommendation excludes health care workers, commuters and certain other groups.
Under the state's “Safer at Home” guidelines, it requests – but does not require – out-of-state visitors who will be staying in New Hampshire for an extended period of time to self-quarantine for 14 days.
Travelers flying into New Jersey from so-called hot spot states where coronavirus is spiking will be asked to fill out a survey starting July 20.
The announcement came from state health Commissioner Judith Persichilli more than three weeks after Gov. Phil Murphy joined his counterparts in New York and Connecticut to announce a mandatory 14-day quarantine for visitors arriving from states with high numbers of positive cases.
There are 22 states on the hot spot list. It includes those where COVID-19 test rates are higher than 10 positive cases per 100,000 residents or a state with a higher than 10% positivity rate over a seven-day rolling average. Those who test negative can end their quarantine early, and there are exemptions for certain workers.
On June 1, the state allowed more exemptions to the state's 14-day quarantine requirement for anyone entering through an airport or anywhere from out of state. In addition to airline, military and essential workers, business travelers and those appearing pursuant to a court order do not have to quarantine.
Along with his counterparts in Connecticut and New York, Gov. Phil Murphy announced a joint travel advisory which says that visitors or residents returning from a high-transmission state must quarantine for 14 days. As of July 14, that would affect anyone coming Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Minnesota, New Mexico, North Carolina, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Wisconsin.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo's state, which was the U.S. epicenter of the pandemic early on, is also requiring visitors and residents returning from from out of state to quarantine for 14 days. This will affect anyone coming Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Minnesota, New Mexico, North Carolina, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and New Mexico.
Gov. Kevin Stitt has not rescinded his executive order requiring people arriving on flights from the New York tri-state area (New York, New Jersey and Connecticut), Washington state, California or Louisiana to quarantine for 14 days. Airline personnel, military, health care and emergency workers are exempt.
Pennsylvanians should quarantine for 14 days when returning from the following states: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Utah. The state's health department encourages those who traveled or plan to travel to an area with high coronavirus case counts to stay home for 14 days after their trips.
Rhode IslandAn Army National Guard soldier waits to inform those arriving at an airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, on March 30, 2020, of an order for all travelers to self-quarantine for 14 days.
You must self-quarantine for 14 days or provide a negative COVID-19 test within 72 hours of arriving in Rhode Island if coming from certain states with a COVID-19 positivity rate higher than 5% (check here for the up-to-date list). You can leave quarantine if you receive a negative test result once in the state.
The state recommends that travelers returning from an area with widespread or ongoing community spread stay home for a period of 14 days from the date of departure.
The state asks visitors or returning residents to quarantine if they've been in high-risk areas.
Effective June 15, “Visitors and travelers coming to Vermont by plane, bus or train ─ or those who make stops in a personal vehicle ─ must quarantine for 14 days when they arrive,” the state health department said.
Visitors may either:
Traveling by car: Quarantine in their home state for 14 days before traveling in their personal vehicle and making no stops.
Traveling using commercial transportation or driving with stops: Quarantine for 14 days at a lodging facility in Vermont
The state Department of Health recommends a 14-day self-quarantine for those who have traveled internationally, on a cruise ship or river boat, or to a U.S. area where COVID-19 circulated widely in the community.
The Bureau of Public Health's most recent COVID-19 bulletin “recommends state residents with plans to vacation in a crowded area be extremely cautious, practice social distancing and wear a face mask, and those who have traveled or are traveling to a large or crowded vacation area to self-monitor/quarantine for 14 days upon return.”
The Department of Health Services says that certain cities and counties in the state may subject travelers to stay at home or self-quarantine for 14 days.
Contributing: Curtis Tate, Bill Keveney, Hannah Yasharoff, Nicquel Terry Ellis, Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY; Jon Campbell, New York State Team – USA TODAY Network; Reno Gazette Journal; York Daily Record; The Associated Press
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Travel restrictions: The states where visitors must quarantine