Republican plan

$1.1 trillion

Already passed

$3.2 trillion

Democratic plan

$3.4 trillion

Safety net and other tax cuts

Republican plan

$1.1 trillion

Already passed

$3.2 trillion

Democratic plan

$3.4 trillion

Safety net, other tax cuts

Already

passed

$3.2 trillion

Republican

plan

$1.1 trillion

Democratic

plan

$3.4 trillion

Analysis of data from The Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget. About $800 billion of the aid that has already passed, primarily in the form of loans, is not expected to add to the deficit.

There is little overlap in the plans released by Democrats and Republicans for another round of federal aid to address the Covid-19 pandemic. The House Democrats’ opening offer, a $3.4 trillion package that passed the chamber in May, would extend $600 weekly unemployment payments and provide $1 trillion more in state and local aid.

The Senate Republican plan, a $1.1 trillion package announced Monday, includes scaled-back unemployment benefits and more funding for small-business loans.

The Republican bill has not yet received an official cost projection, but the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget has analyzed both measures. Here, based on that data, is how the two parties’ proposals compare with each other and with the more than $3 trillion in federal support passed by Congress since March:

Unemployment Benefits

Congress is facing increasing pressure to come to an agreement because weekly unemployment benefit payments of $600 expire for millions of Americans this week. Republicans have proposed reducing the additional benefit, which is added to regular state payments, to $200 per week through September, with a plan to set total benefits at 70 percent of lost income after that. Democrats want to continue the higher payments through January.

Additional $600/week payments through July $176 billion

Extend

reduced

benefits

$110 billion*

Extend and expand benefits

$437 billion

Extend benefits to self-employed and others

$35b

Up to 13 additional weeks of benefits $51b

Additional $600/week payments through July $176 billion

Extend

reduced

benefits

$110b*

Extend and expand benefits

$437 billion

Extend benefits to self-employed and others

$35b

Up to 13 additional weeks of benefits $51b

Additional $600/week payments through July $176 billion

Extend

reduced

benefits

$110

billion*

Extend and expand benefits

$437 billion

Up to 13 additional weeks of benefits $51b

Extend benefits to self-employed and others

$35b

Up to 13 additional weeks of benefits $51b

Additional $600/week payments through July $176 billion

Extend benefits to self-employed and others $35b

Extend reduced benefits

$110 billion*

Extend and expand benefits

$437 billion

*The budget analysts note that this estimate is rough, and actual costs could differ substantially.

Second Round of Stimulus Checks

Both parties include a second round of stimulus checks for individuals. The Democratic plan is more costly, increasing the amount allotted for dependents to $1,200 from $500 and loosening rules to allow undocumented immigrants to receive money.

Second round of stimulus checks

$300 billion

Stimulus checks

$293 billion

Second round of stimulus checks

$413 billion

Loosen rules for

stimulus checks $23b

Second round of stimulus checks

$300 billion

Stimulus checks

$293 billion

Second round of stimulus checks

$413 billion

Loosen rules for

stimulus checks $23b

Second round of stimulus checks

$300 billion

Stimulus checks

$293 billion

Second round of stimulus checks

$413 billion

Loosen rules for

stimulus checks $23b

Stimulus checks

$293 billion

Second round of stimulus checks

$300 billion

Second round of stimulus checks

$413 billion

Loosen rules for stimulus checks $23b

Small-Business Aid

Republicans have proposed more funding for Paycheck Protection loans, in addition to two other lending programs for small businesses. Democrats have not proposed additional loans.

“Second draw” Paycheck Protection loans $90b

Emergency small

business loans

$300 billion

Paycheck Protection loans

$670 billion

Recovery sector loans for struggling businesses $58b

Existing loan

subsidies $17b

New small business

investment facility $10b

Small Business

Administration $2b

“Second draw” Paycheck Protection loans $90b

Emergency small

business loans

$300 billion

Paycheck Protection loans

$670 billion

Recovery sector loans for struggling businesses $58b

Existing loan

subsidies $17b

New small business

investment facility $10b

Small Business

Administration $2b

“Second draw” Paycheck Protection loans $90b

Emergency small

business loans

$300 billion

Paycheck Protection loans

$670 billion

Recovery sector loans for struggling businesses $58b

Existing loan

subsidies $17b

New small business

investment facility $10b

Small Business

Administration $2b

Paycheck Protection loans

$670 billion

Emergency small

business loans

$300 billion

Existing

loan

subsidies

$17b

Small Business

Administration $2b

Recovery sector loans for struggling businesses $58b

“Second draw” Paycheck Protection loans $90b

New small business

investment facility $10b

Aid to State and Local Governments

Democrats have proposed nearly $1 trillion in additional aid to state and local governments to help make up for reduced revenue and increased spending during the pandemic. Both parties propose granting additional funds to states for education, but the Republican plan favors schools that hold in-person classes.

More

Medicaid

funding

$81b

State and local

government aid

$150 billion

More state and local government aid

$915 billion

More

education

funding

$90b

Infrastructure grants

$25b

Infrastructure and public

transportation $32b

More education

funding $105b

More

Medicaid

funding

$81b

State and local

government aid

$150 billion

More state and local government aid

$915 billion

More

education

funding

$90b

Infrastructure grants

$25b

Infrastructure and public

transportation $32b

More education

funding $105b

More

Medicaid

funding

$81b

State and local

government aid

$150 billion

More state and local government aid

$915 billion

More

education

funding

$90b

Infrastructure grants

$25b

Infrastructure and public

transportation $32b

More education

funding $105b

State and local

government aid

$150 billion

Infrastructure grants

$25b

More education funding $105b

More state and local government aid

$915 billion

More education

funding $90b

More Medicaid

funding $81b

Infrastructure and public transportation $32b

Note: Infrastructure grants passed in March were for transit providers, which include state and local governments.

Safety Net and Individual Tax Cuts

Democrats included hundreds of billions of dollars in spending on priorities like safety-net programs, and are calling for the temporary elimination of the cap on the state and local tax deduction that primarily affects blue states.

Eliminate SALT deduction cap for two years

$137 billion

Hazard pay fund for

essential workers

$190 billion

Child care and development grants $15b

More housing support

$202 billion

Increase child tax credit benefits $119 billion

More food

assistance $35b

Tax credits and deductions for workers and child care $35b

Expand use of health savings accounts $9b

Emergency retirement withdrawals $8b

Eliminate SALT deduction cap for two years

$137 billion

Child

care and develop-

ment

grants

$15b

Hazard pay fund for

essential workers

$190 billion

More housing support

$202 billion

Increase child tax credit benefits

$119 billion

More food

assistance $35b

Tax credits and deductions for workers and child care $35b

Expand use of health savings accounts $9b

Emergency retirement withdrawals $8b

Eliminate SALT deduction cap

for two years

$137 billion

Hazard pay fund for

essential workers

$190 billion

Child

care and develop-

ment

grants

$15b

More housing

support

$202 billion

Increase child tax credit benefits

$119 billion

More food

assistance $35b

Tax credits and deductions for workers and child care $35b

Expand use of health savings accounts $9b

Emergency retirement withdrawals $8b

Expand use of health savings accounts $9b

Emergency retirement withdrawals $8b

Child care and development

grants $15b

Increase child tax credit benefits

$119 billion

Eliminate SALT deduction cap for two years

$137 billion

More food

assistance

$35b

Hazard pay fund for

essential workers

$190 billion

More housing support

$202 billion

Tax credits and deductions for workers and child care $35b

Health Care

Both parties have included additional health care spending in their plans. Democrats propose more spending over all, including nearly $100 billion to subsidize continuing health insurance coverage for laid-off workers under COBRA, the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act.

More health agency, community health funding $32b

Reimburse providers for lost revenue and expenses

$100 billion

Health provider funding

$175 billion

Covid-19 treatment cost support

$90b

More

Covid-19 testing and contact tracing

$75b

More health provider funding

$25b

Vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics $26b

COBRA payments for laid-off workers

$98 billion

Veterans

and

defense

health

$20b

Health agency,

community

health funding

$45b

More

Covid-19

testing

$16b

More health agency, community

health funding $19b

More health agency, community health funding $32b

Reimburse providers for lost revenue and expenses

$100 billion

Health provider funding

$175 billion

More

Covid-19 testing and contact tracing

$75b

Covid-19 treatment cost support

$90b

More health provider funding

$25b

Vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics $26b

COBRA payments for laid-off workers

$98 billion

Veterans

and

defense

health

$20b

Health agency,

community

health funding

$45b

More

Covid-19

testing

$16b

More health agency, community

health funding $19b

More health agency, community health funds $32b

Reimburse providers for lost revenue and expenses

$100 billion

Health provider funding

$175 billion

More

Covid-19 testing and contact tracing

$75b

Covid-19 treatment cost support

$90b

More health provider funding

$25b

Vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics $26b

COBRA payments for laid-off workers

$98 billion

Health agency, community

health funding $45b

Veterans

and

defense

health

$20b

More

Covid-19

testing

$16b

More health agency, community

health funding $19b

Health agency, community

health funding $45b

Health provider funding

$175 billion

Veterans and

defense health $20b

More health agency, community health funds $32b

Vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics $26b

More Covid-19

testing $16b

More health provider funding $25b

Reimburse providers for lost revenue and expenses

$100 billion

COBRA payments for laid-off workers

$98 billion

Covid-19 treatment cost support $90b

More Covid-19 testing and contact tracing $75b

More health agency, community

health funding $19b

Note: Congress also passed changes to Medicare in March that will result in an estimated net spending reduction over 10 years.

Business Tax Credits and Deductions

Both parties have proposed expanding a payroll tax credit passed in March, with slightly different parameters.

Paid leave tax credit

$105 billion

Expanded tax credit to retain workers

$100 billion

Expanded tax credit to retain workers $164 billion

Tax credit to retain workers $55b

Tax credit to encourage hiring $50b

Loosen caps on interest deductibility and losses*

$174 billion

Extend and expand paid leave credit $32b

Credits for employer expenses and closed businesses

$73b

Tax credit for Covid-19 protection expenses $50b

Restaurant expense

deduction $3b

Tax credit for self-employed $21b

Paid leave tax credit

$105 billion

Expanded tax credit to retain workers

$100 billion

Tax credit to retain workers $55b

Expanded tax credit to retain workers $164 billion

Tax credit to encourage hiring $50b

Loosen caps on interest deductibility and losses*

$174 billion

Extend and expand paid leave credit $32b

Credits for employer expenses and closed businesses

$73b

Tax credit for Covid-19 protection expenses $50b

Restaurant expense

deduction $3b

Tax credit for self-employed $21b

Paid leave tax credit

$105 billion

Expanded tax credit to retain workers

$100 billion

Expanded tax credit to retain workers $164 billion

Tax credit to retain workers $55b

Tax credit to encourage hiring $50b

Loosen caps on interest deductibility and losses*

$174 billion

Extend and expand paid leave credit $32b

Credits for employer expenses and closed businesses

$73b

Tax credit for Covid-19 protection expenses $50b

Restaurant expense

deduction $3b

Tax credit for self-employed $21b

Tax credit to retain workers $55b

Paid leave

tax credit

$105 billion

Loosen caps on interest deductibility and losses*

$174 billion

Tax credit for Covid-19 protection expenses $50b

Expanded tax credit to retain workers

$100 billion

Tax credit to encourage hiring $50b

Restaurant expense

deduction $3b

Credits for employer expenses and closed businesses $73b

Expanded tax credit to retain workers

$164 billion

Extend and expand paid leave credit $32b

Tax credit for self-employed $21b

*Democrats have proposed raising $254 billion by reversing this measure passed in March and further limiting business loss deductibility.·The budget analysts note that estimates for the tax credit provisions in the Republican plan are rough, and actual costs could differ substantially.

Other Provisions

Both plans contain a handful of other line items. Some Republican senators were surprised to learn that their plan included $1.75 billion for a new F.B.I. headquarters — a White House demand without a connection to the pandemic.

Loans to airlines and national security firms $46b

Other higher education

funding $169 billion

Support for $4.5 trillion in

Federal Reserve loans

$454 billion

Changes to retirement

and pension plans

$48b

Student loan

forgiveness

$22b

International

assistance $4b

Defense Production

Act purchases $5b

Aviation tax

suspension $4b

Loans to airlines and national security firms $46b

Other higher education

funding $169 billion

Support for $4.5 trillion in

Federal Reserve loans

$454 billion

Changes to retirement and pension plans $48b

Defense

contract-

ors $11b

Student loan

forgiveness

$22b

Aviation tax

suspension $4b

International

assistance $4b

Defense Production

Act purchases $5b

Loans to airlines and national security firms $46b

Other higher education

funding $169 billion

Support for $4.5 trillion in

Federal Reserve loans

$454 billion

Changes to retirement and pension plans $48b

Defense

contract-

ors $11b

Student loan

forgiveness

$22b

Aviation tax

suspension $4b

International

assistance $4b

Defense Production

Act purchases $5b

Support for $4.5 trillion in

Federal Reserve loans

$454 billion

Loans to airlines and national security firms $46b

Aviation tax

suspension $4b

Defense Production

Act purchases $5b

Changes to retirement and pension plans $48b

Other higher education

funding $169 billion

Student

loan

forgive-

ness $22b



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